For some, credit card debt isn’t the only reminder of December holiday shopping sprees.
The well-publicized data breach at Target has highlighted the dangers of using debit and credit cards even at big-name trusted retailers. Word is that other retailers also may have experienced data breaches in recent months.
It raises questions about how to know if your information has been compromised and what to do if it has been.
The first step is realizing that something is amiss.
And maybe you think it would be obvious—an empty checking account, for example—that your personal information has been stolen. But sometimes the signs are subtle. Some clues from the Canadian Banks and Canadian Goverment suggest you watch for withdrawals from your bank account that you don’t remember and can’t explain.
Normal bills or other mail stop coming.
Debt collectors call about debts that aren’t yours. Unfamiliar accounts or charges on your credit report.
The CRA notifies you that more than one tax return was filed in your name, or that you have income from an employer you don’t work for.
Know the immediate steps, including notifying fraud departments of the major credit bureaus and the fraud department of creditors for accounts that have been opened or tampered with, that you need to take if you’ve been victimized.
For all the steps, see http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/oca-bc.nsf/eng/ca01832.html
Be wary about any calls, e-mails or letters you receive requesting personal data. Scams in which people try to trick you into giving them personal information abound, so you want to take steps to avoid being victimized twice.
We sit at home in front of the TV and the computer. We sit in our cars to run errands. Then we sleep.
The sedentary lifestyle is a killer. It’s not just weight gain that’s a concern. Couch potato habits also lead to diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease.
For instance, a recent study outlined in the American Heart Association’s “Rapid Access Journal Report” found that:
Men with low levels of physical activity were 52 percent more likely to develop heart failure than those with high physical activity levels, even after adjusting for differences in sedentary time.
Outside of work, men who sit five or more hours a day were 34 percent more likely to develop heart failure than men who spent no more than two hours a day sitting, regardless of how much they exercised.
Heart failure risk more than doubled in men who sat for at least five hours a day and got little exercise, compared to men who were very physically active and sat for two hours or less a day.
Women don’t fare much better. According to a study about women, “Relationship of Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity to Incident Cardiovascular Disease: Results from the Women’s Health Initiative.”
Physically inactive women who spent 10 hours or more sitting each day were at 63% greater risk for events related to cardiovascular disease compared with highly active women who spent 5 hours or fewer each day sitting.
Women who met physical activity guidelines but sat for long periods each day were still at increased cardiovascular disease risk.
A sedentary lifestyle has other effects—sore shoulders, mushy abs, and a foggy brain—that are well illustrated in this infographic, http://www.redharepublishing.com/ddata/111.pdf
You don’t need to train for a marathon to improve your fitness and combat the effects of too much sitting. For instance, guidelines for women who want to improve their health require: Either 2.5 hours moderate-intensity (walking, ballroom dancing and leisurely biking, for example) aerobic physical activity or 1 hour and 15 minutes of vigorous-intensity (jogging, uphill biking, and singles tennis, for example) aerobic physical activity or a combination of the two, along with muscle-strengthening activities two or more days each week.
Every little bit of exercise helps. At work, the American Heart Association suggests trying to:
Walk during business calls.
Stand while talking on the telephone.
Walk down the hall to talk with colleagues instead of calling or e-mailing.
Stay at hotels with fitness centers or pool and use the facilities while on business trips.
Take the stairs instead of the elevator. Or get off a few floors early and take the stairs the rest of the way.
Walk while waiting for the plane at the airport.
Even standing more during your day is beneficial. Learn about the benefits of standing at http://www.juststand.org/.
For more on ways to improve your health, incorporate bits of activity into your day, see http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/PhysicalActivity/StartWalking/Get-Moving-Easy-Tips-to-Get-Active_UCM_307978_Article.jsp
Canada’s three largest cities make up the three slimmest. Something else we couldn’t help but notice was that the eastern Canadian cities were all in the bottom half of the rankings for this category.
1. Vancouver: 27.8*
2. Toronto: 40.4
3. Montreal: 41.5
4. Victoria: 43.8
5. Ottawa: 46.3
6. Quebec City: 46.3
7. Calgary: 47.9
8. Edmonton: 48.9
9. Saskatoon: 49.0
10. Winnipeg: 49.6
11. Brandon: 50.8
12. Halifax: 51.7
13. Regina: 52.2
14. Charlottetown: 54.7
15. Moncton: 54.7
16. Corner Brook: 54.8
17. Summerside: 56.8
18. Saint John: 57.9
19. St. John's: 58.9
20. Lunenburg: 60.5
* Numbers indicate percentage of residents who are overweight or obese. Green indicates a decline in those percentages since last reported.
The bottom line
Regardless of where you live, it’s individuals who bear the ultimate responsibility for their own health, and day-to-day decisions really do make a difference. While factors associated with heredity are obviously out of our hands, experts advise Canadians to control what they can and work with their healthcare practitioners to develop a program of healthy lifestyle choices. This has been a very stressful year for a lot of people, with the economic downturn and sometimes the first thing to go is personal health and wellness. “We need to remember to take care of our physical and mental health, as well as our financial health.”
Be safe be healthy.
some information provided by the goc of canada and nar